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Elbella luteizona (Mabille, 1877) (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae: Pyrginae) in Brazilian Cerrado: larval morphology, diet, and shelter architecture | Revista Brasileira de Entomologia
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia Revista Brasileira de Entomologia
Rev Bras Entomol 2017;61:282-9 - Vol. 61 Num.4 DOI: 10.1016/j.rbe.2017.08.004
Biology, Ecology and Diversity
Elbella luteizona (Mabille, 1877) (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae: Pyrginae) in Brazilian Cerrado: larval morphology, diet, and shelter architecture
Cintia Lepesqueura, Marina Neisb, Neuza A.P. Silvab,, , Thayane Pereiraa, Hanna Pâmela A. Rodriguesa, Tácito Trindadea, Ivone R. Diniza
a Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Zoologia, Brasília, DF, Brazil
b Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Ecologia, Brasília, DF, Brazil
Received 20 May 2017, Accepted 21 August 2017
Abstract

This study examined temporal variation in the abundance of immature stages of Elbella luteizona (Hesperiidae) and describes the morphology and behavior of the larvae on their host plants, Byrsonima coccolobifolia and Myrsine guianensis. Five hundred sixty-eight 10m diameter plots were searched for caterpillars in the Brazilian Cerrado over a period of one year. We inspected 5968 host plants, and found 31 eggs and 262 larvae on 244 plants. Similar numbers of immatures were found in both species of host plants. The abundance of immature stages varied monthly and was significantly higher in the dry season on both host plants, which may be due to the low density of natural enemies during that time. E. luteizona is univoltine, and larvae present relatively little morphological variation. However, during development, substantial changes occur in the architecture of leaf shelters that caterpillars construct. In addition, E. luteizona larvae develop very slowly, taking more than 300 days to complete metamorphosis.

Keywords
Caterpillar, Host plants, Population dynamics, Skippers, Univoltine
Rev Bras Entomol 2017;61:282-9 - Vol. 61 Num.4 DOI: 10.1016/j.rbe.2017.08.004